Complexities of EMF Impacts on Biology

International Journal of Innovative Research in Engineering & Management (IJIREM) ISSN: 2350-0557, Volume-2, Issue-5, September 2015

How to Approach the Challenge of Minimizing Non – Thermal Health Effects of Microwave Radiation from Electrical Devices
Martin L. Pall, PhD

… Many have assumed that it is possible to predict the effects of such EMFs based simply on EMF exposure intensities but such assumptions are clearly false. Empirical observations have shown that four types of factors greatly influence biological responses to microwave EMFs , with all four reviewed by Belyaev [28] and 3 of the 4 each reviewed elsewhere [24,25].

1. One of these is that pulsed fields are in most cases more biologically active than non – pulsed fields. The literature on comparing pulsed fields with non – pulsed fields goes back to the 1960’s [3] and continues right up to the present [24 – 26,28,29]. One example of pulsation effects is from studies of therapeutic effects of non – thermal microwave frequency EMFs [26], when they are of the right type and intensity and focused on the right tissue. Such therapy was standardized using pulsed microwave fields back in the mid – 1970s because these pulse fields were more active, a standardization that continues to the present day [26]. There are some 4000 studies of pulsed microwave therapy which make up the largest literature on non – thermal biological effects. Unfortunately we don’t have enough detailed knowledge of these pulsation effects to be able to predict how biologically active EMFs with different patterns of pulsation will be. With very complex pulsed fields like those from smart meters or smart phones, prediction becomes still more difficult. Panagopoulos et al [29] have argued that complex pulsation patterns are consistently more biologically active than are simpler patterns. There is some evidence that very low frequency pulsations (10 Hz or less) may lower biological responses, which if confirmed may be useful for lowering biological effects of electronic devices. Because all wireless communication devices communicate via pulsations, pulsation effects may be inherent factors with such devices.

2. There are non – linearities in dose response curves and specifically there are specific intensity windows of exposure which produce greater biological effects than exposures of either higher or lower intensity [24,28,29] . In one experiment, an effect seen within a window was studied and it was found that increasing intensity to even to 150 times high er intensity of exposure lead to lower biological responses than was found in the window. Clearly these intensity windows also create important uncertainties in trying to predict biological effects of EMF exposures.

3. It has also been shown that different frequencies have diff erent biological effects [28]. While this is a simpler issue, than
either pulsations or the window effects, it may well add substantial complexity in combination with each of these other two factors.

4. Perhaps most importantly, artificial EMFs are polarized and can be linearly or circularly polarized. However most naturally occurring EMFs are non – polarized or only weakly polarized. Polarized fields can produce much stronger forces on charged groups, which, as discussed below, are likely to have central roles in producing non – thermal biological effects [28,29]. One of the other effects discussed by Belyaev [28] is that circularly polarized fields can be either right handed or left handed and that the handedness of specific fields have extremely large effects on the biological responses, such that fields that are identical in intensity and frequency and differ only in their handedness of circular polarization can have almost completely different biological effects….

DNA right handed chirality

Human sweat duct right handed chirality

GPS right-hand circular polarization

EMF’s produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression

J Chem Neuroanat. 2016 Sep;75(Pt B):43-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jchemneu.2015.08.001. Epub 2015 Aug 21.


Non-thermal microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) act via voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) activation. Calcium channel blockers block EMF effects and several types of additional evidence confirm this mechanism. Low intensity microwave EMFs have been proposed to produce neuropsychiatric effects, sometimes called microwave syndrome, and the focus of this review is whether these are indeed well documented and consistent with the known mechanism(s) of action of such EMFs. VGCCs occur in very high densities throughout the nervous system and have near universal roles in release of neurotransmitters and neuroendocrine hormones. Soviet and Western literature shows that much of the impact of non-thermal microwave exposures in experimental animals occurs in the brain and peripheral nervous system, such that nervous system histology and function show diverse and substantial changes. These may be generated through roles of VGCC activation, producing excessive neurotransmitter/neuroendocrine release as well as oxidative/nitrosative stress and other responses. Excessive VGCC activity has been shown from genetic polymorphism studies to have roles in producing neuropsychiatric changes in humans. Two U.S. government reports from the 1970s to 1980s provide evidence for many neuropsychiatric effects of non-thermal microwave EMFs, based on occupational exposure studies. 18 more recent epidemiological studies, provide substantial evidence that microwave EMFs from cell/mobile phone base stations, excessive cell/mobile phone usage and from wireless smart meters can each produce similar patterns of neuropsychiatric effects, with several of these studies showing clear dose-response relationships. Lesser evidence from 6 additional studies suggests that short wave, radio station, occupational and digital TV antenna exposures may produce similar neuropsychiatric effects. Among the more commonly reported changes are sleep disturbance/insomnia, headache, depression/depressive symptoms, fatigue/tiredness, dysesthesia, concentration/attention dysfunction, memory changes, dizziness, irritability, loss of appetite/body weight, restlessness/anxiety, nausea, skin burning/tingling/dermographism and EEG changes. In summary, then, the mechanism of action of microwave EMFs, the role of the VGCCs in the brain, the impact of non-thermal EMFs on the brain, extensive epidemiological studies performed over the past 50 years, and five criteria testing for causality, all collectively show that various non-thermal microwave EMF exposures produce diverse neuropsychiatric effects.

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