EPA official and chemist, Dr. J. William Hirzy, expressed his view on fluoride at a Senate subcommittee hearing in 2000, which was contrary to very agency he worked for. This is what Hirzy had to say:
“If this stuff gets out into the air, it’s a pollutant; if it gets into the river, it’s a pollutant; if it gets into the lake, it’s a pollutant; but if it goes right into your drinking water, it’s not a pollutant. That’s amazing… There’s got to be a better way to manage this stuff “.
Under the EPA’s own regulatory guidelines fluoride is listed as a chemical neurotoxin with substantial health risks. Sodium silicofluoride and hexafluorosilicic acid are the hazardous chemicals that make up the fluoridation process and are waste products originally created by the aluminum and fertilizer industries.
In 1931 the Aluminum Company of America (ALCOA) under the direction of Andrew Mellon (The Mellon Institute) conducted fluoridation tests through the Public Health Service (PHS) by dentist H. Trendley Dean, who coincidentally, was the first director of the National Institute of Dental Research. Dean found that as fluoride levels began to rise, so did percentages of dental fluorosis. Dean claimed his test results lowered cavities even though it was just the opposite. Dean promoted the falsified findings and eventually became known as the “father of fluoridation”. Andrew Mellon, who held considerable authority as acting U.S. Treasurer, put pressure on (PHS) to push the fraudulent tooth decay agenda.
By 1939 ALCOA was already facing major lawsuits regarding fluoride emissions from factories. Gerald Cox, a Mellon industry researcher who was also financed by ALCOA, began selling the public on the idea of compulsory fluoridation. ALCOA knowingly used false dental research to cover up fluoride pollution and avoid damage claims. In 1946 Oscar Ewing was chief counsel for ALCOA and through a devil’s bargain headed up the Federal Security Agency (FSA) taking charge over (PHS). This was how fluoride was sold. Soon cities across the United States purchased the fluoridated water and began dripping it into the water supply under the propaganda campaigns directed by (PHS) and the American Dental Association (ADA). To this day, the ADA and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) still defend the fluoride test results that were fabricated over sixty five years ago.
Fluoride and Children’s Intelligence: A Meta-analysis
Qin-qing Tang & Jun Du & Heng-hui Ma & Shao-jun Jiang & Xiao-jun Zhou
Humana Press Inc. 2008
Abstract This paper presents a systematic review of the literature concerning fluoride that was carried out to investigate whether fluoride exposure increases the risk of low intelligence quotient (IQ) in China over the past 20 years. MEDLINE, SCI, and CNKI search were organized for all documents published, in English and Chinese, between 1988 and 2008 using the following keywords: fluorosis, fluoride, intelligence, and IQ. Further search was undertaken in the website www.fluorideresearch.org because this is a professional website concerning research on fluoride. Sixteen case–control studies that assessed the development of low IQ in children who had been exposed to fluoride earlier in their life were included in this review. A qualitative review of the studies found a consistent and strong association between the exposure to fluoride and low IQ. The meta-analyses of the case–control studies estimated that the odds ratio of IQ in endemic fluoride areas compared with nonfluoride areas or slight fluoride areas. The summarized weighted mean difference is −4.97 (95%confidence interval [CI]=−5.58 to −4.36; p<0.01) using a fixed- effect model and −5.03 (95%CI=−6.51 to 3.55; p<0.01) using a random-effect model, which means that children who live in a fluorosis area have five times higher odds of developing low IQ than those who live in a nonfluorosis area or a slight fluorosis area.
Read more at http://intraspec.ca/20080718Fluoride-and-Childrens-Intelligence-China.pdf
Effect of Fluoride in Drinking Water on Children’s Intelligence
Q Xiang,a Y Liang,a L Chen,b C Wang,b B Chen,a X Chen,b M Zhouc Shanghai, P.R. China
Summary: The Intelligence Quotient (IQ) was measured in 512 children, aged 8–13 years, living in two villages in Sihong County, Jiangsu Province, China, differing in the level of fluoride in their drinking water. In the high- fluoride village of Wamiao (water fluoride: 2.47±0.79 mg/L; range: 0.57–4.50 mg/L), the mean IQ of 222 children was significantly lower (92.02±13.00; range: 54–126) than in the low-fluoride village of Xinhuai (water fluoride: 0.36±0.15 mg/L; range: 0.18–0.76 mg/L), where the mean IQ of 290 children was higher (100.41±13.21; range: 60–128). The children’s IQs were not related to urinary iodine, family income, or parent’s education level. Higher drinking water fluoride levels were significantly associated with higher rates of mental retardation (IQ <70) and borderline intelligence (IQ 70–79). The Benchmark Concentration (BMC) for the concentration-response relationship between IQ
Read more at http://www.fluoridealert.org/wp-content/uploads/xiang-2003a.pdf
Fluoride & Intelligence: The 37 Studies
Fluoride Action Network | By Michael Connett & Tara Blank, PhD | UPDATED May 16, 2013
As of May 2013, a total of 43 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence, and a total of 19 studies have investigated the relationship fluoride and learning/memory in animals. Of these investigations, 37 of the 43 human studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ, while 19 of the 20 animal studies have found that fluoride exposure impairs the learning and memory capacity of animals. The human studies, which are based on IQ examinations of over 11,000 children, provide compelling evidence that fluoride exposure during the early years of life can damage a child’s developing brain.
After reviewing 27 of these studies, a team of Harvard scientists concluded that fluoride’s effect on the young brain should now be a “high research priority.” (Choi, et al 2012). Other reviewers have reached similar conclusions, including the prestigious National Research Council (NRC), and scientists in the Neurotoxicology Division of the Environmental Protection Agency (Mundy, et al). In the table below, we summarize the results from the 37 studies that have found associations between fluoride and reduced IQ and provide links to full-text copies of the studies. For a discussion of the 6 studies that did not find an association between fluoride and IQ, click here.
Summary: When considering their consistency with numerous animal studies, it is very unlikely that the 37 human studies finding associations between fluoride and reduced IQ can all be a random fluke. The question today, therefore, is less whether fluoride reduces IQ, but at what dose, at what time, and how this dose and time varies based on an individual’s nutritional status, health status, and exposure to other contaminants (e.g., aluminum, arsenic, lead, etc). Of particular concern is fluoride’s effect on children born to women with suboptimal iodine intake during the time of pregnancy, and/or fluoride’s effects on infants and toddlers with suboptimal iodine intake themselves. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, approximately 12% of the U.S. population has deficient exposure to iodine.
Read more at http://fluoridealert.org/studies/brain01/
Countries that Fluoridate their Water, Quick Facts
- Most developed nations do not fluoridate their water. In western Europe, for example, only 3% of the population consumes fluoridated water.
- While 25 countries have water fluoridation programs, 11 of these countries have less than 20% of their population consuming fluoridated water: Argentina (19%), Guatemala (13%), Panama (15%), Papa New Guinea (6%), Peru (2%), Serbia (3%), Spain (11%), South Korea (6%), the United Kingdom (11%), and Vietnam (4%).
- Only 11 countries in the world have more than 50% of their population drinking fluoridated water: Australia (80%), Brunei (95%); Chile (70%), Guyana (62%), Hong Kong (100%), the Irish Republic (73%), Israel (70%), Malaysia (75%), New Zealand (62%), Singapore (100%), and the United States (64%).
- In total, 377,655,000 million people worldwide drink artificially fluoridated water. This represents 5% of the world’s population.
- There are more people drinking fluoridated water in the United States than the rest of the world combined.
- There is no difference in tooth decay between western nations that fluoridate their water and those that do not.
Read more at http://fluoridealert.org/content/bfs-2012/