What Is Jury Nullification?

What is jury nullification?

In its strictest sense, jury nullification occurs when a jury returns a Not Guilty verdict even though jurors believe beyond reasonable doubt that the defendant has broken the law. Because the Not Guilty verdict cannot be overturned, and because the jurors cannot be punished for their verdict, the law is said to be nullified in that particular case.

In what can be said to be a milder form of jury nullification, some of the jurors, or even just one in most cases, can hang the jury by maintaining a Not Guilty verdict even though they believe the defendant broke the law. There is no requirement that jurors must come to a unanimous verdict. If the jury cannot unanimously agree on a verdict of either Guilty or Not Guilty, this is known as a hung jury. When further deliberation clearly will be unproductive, the judge will declare a mistrial. The prosecution may or may not retry the case in the future, but the law has at least been nullified in the trial at hand.

Former prosecutor and current Georgetown University Law Center professor Paul Butler has dubbed another variation on this theme to be “jury nullification 2.0”. He used this term in reference to the case of Touray Cornell, a Missoula, Montana man charged with possession of 1/16th of an ounce of marijuana in a county that had passed a citizen initiative instructing law enforcement to make marijuana enforcement their lowest priority. Of 27 potential jurors questioned during voir dire, only five said they would vote to convict a person of possession of such a small amount of marijuana. Skeptical that it would even be possible to seat a jury, the judge in the case called a recess during which time the lawyers worked out a deal known as an “Alford plea” in which the defendant didn’t admit guilt.

When these kinds of rejections of enforcement of laws stack up over time, the laws become unenforceable. We’ve seen this rejection of the Fugitive Slave Laws and alcohol prohibition, for example, undermine such laws’ enforcement. Eventually, it is no longer worth the time or hassle or embarrassment for government officials to try to enforce these laws. They may be further nullified in a sense either remaining on the books but not being enforced or being repealed altogether.

When jurors in capital cases convict the accused and find in the sentencing phase of the trial that the necessary conditions have been met to impose the death penalty, but choose instead to sentence them to life without parole, this may also be referred to as jury nullification.

Other terms you may hear in place of jury nullification are conscientious acquittal, juror veto, or jury pardon.

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Would we still be wrecking the country with the fake drug war if jurors knew their rights?

China Hasn’t Given CDC Access to ‘Direct Data’ From Coronavirus Outbreak

The United States has not received “direct data” from the outbreak of the new coronavirus from Chinese authorities, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said on Wednesday.

Chinese officials also have not allowed American experts into the country to help investigate the outbreak, Dr. Nancy Messonnier, director of the CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, told reporters in a phone call.

Asked about the information being sent over by China, Messonnier said that there has been more data coming out when compared to the beginning of the outbreak, which was reported to have started in December 2019 in the city of Wuhan.

But the direct data has still not been made available to American experts, Messonnier said.

“Seeing a graph somebody else produced is never as good as seeing the data itself,” she said. “CDC staff themselves haven’t yet gained access to the direct data. We continue to be hopeful that we’ll be invited to do that.”

Part of the reason the CDC wants to have experts on the ground in China is to get crucial data to support U.S. efforts to probe questions surrounding the virus. And U.S. leaders feel that American experts are some of the best in the world.

But the Chinese Communist Party has repeatedly rebuffed American offers of assistance.

An advance team from the World Health Organization (WHO) arrived in China on Monday to help probe the outbreak of the virus, now known as COVID-19. The three members of the team were preparing for the arrival of the rest of the team, which was composed of 10 to 15 people in total. But China still hasn’t approved any American experts being part of the team, Messonnier said on Wednesday. …

https://www.theepochtimes.com/china-hasnt-given-cdc-access-to-direct-data-from-coronavirus-outbreak_3236015.html

Two possibilities that I can see: either the chinese govt suspects it’s a US-planted bioweapon, or is concerned that the US might find evidence of its own malfeasance.

Former CIA Officer Explains Shocking Details & Dangers of ‘Deep State’

There is some interesting information here, though something in me says he is not divulging the full story:

…what exactly is the Deep State? Who exactly are the Deep State players? What damage can they do? And what can be done to stop them?

On Wednesday, I [Frank Camp] had the opportunity to speak with Bryan Dean Wright, a former CIA officer who now serves as a contract instructor for the military…

Read this interview in two parts at:

https://www.dailywire.com/news/interview-part-i-former-cia-officer-explains-the-shocking-details-and-dangers-of-the-deep-state and

https://www.dailywire.com/news/interview-part-ii-former-cia-officer-on-what-the-deep-state-looks-like-if-a-democrat-wins-in-2020-and-what-can-be-done-to-recover

CIA Ran Global Spy Op Using Well-Known Swiss Encryption Company

For the past decades, the CIA owned and operated a front company based in Switzerland for the purpose of spying on secret government communications across the globe, whether they were allies or adversaries. This according to newly unearthed 280-pages of an internal CIA history of the operation obtained by the Post along with Swiss public broadcaster SRF and German broadcaster ZDF.

Crypto AG, a Switzerland-based communications encryption firm, was secretly purchased by the CIA and West German intelligence services in 1971. The company not only made millions by selling encryption equipment to over 120 countries into the 21st century, but used the very same equipment to infiltrate each host country’s communications in a ‘Trojan Horse’ style operation…

Read more at https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/cia-secretly-owned-swiss-company-encrypted-over-120-countries-communications