… the removal of the foreskin would be expected to reorganize the somato-sensory cortex of the brain of the affected individual. Because sexual stimuli normally travel to the cerebral cortex via the thalamus and then to those subcortical areas that are aligned with emotion-for example, the septum (Rivard, 1982)-any reorganization of the cerebral cortex would be expected to affect the overall sexual behavior of that individual (for supporting evidence, see Laumann, Masi, & Zuckerman, 1997; cf. Masters & Johnson, 1966). The earlier in the male’s life the circumcision occurs, the more impact the ablation would be expected to have on his nervous system and, hence, his behavioral tendencies….
Thus, the argument here is that circumcision is low-grade neurological castration. As a consequence of circumcision, the young men would be expected to be a ply more tractable and a ply less distractible. Fertility is not impaired. Aggressiveness is not impaired. The threshold for sexual excitability is simply raised. …
Benefits to the Pair Bond From Circumcision
If, as we hypothesized, circumcision results in raising the threshold for sexual excitability, then a putative benefit would accrue to the institution of marriage. Men’s sexual impulsiveness would be lessened a ply. Again, men’s sex drive is not removed, just abated. Consequently, the men’s sexual behaviors, which are traditionally viewed as quicker and more direct, would be shifted in the direction of the women’s sexual behaviors, which are traditionally viewed as slower and less direct. In addition, extramarital sexual activity would be similarly expected to be reduced.’ Enhanced sexual compatibility within a marriage generally enhances the durability and coordination within that marriage. Consequently, strengthened marriages would be a positive vector within any society.
The Trade-offs Between the Man and His Society
The societal calculus and trade-offs are as follows: The individual male is denied some additional or more intense sexual feelings. The community gains some additional compliance, and women gain some additional satisfaction within the pair bond. If all males are so affected within the group, no one male or cohort of males is at a courting or amorous disadvantage. The problem, of course, is how to convince parents that their sons’ genitalia need to be mutilated. The next section addresses that legitimate query.
The Juggernaut of Cultural Inertia
The socialization process in humans begins at birth and is pervasive. Early learning-the systemization of the rules and worldview of a culture-is very resistant to re-systemization. That is, a process similar to imprinting is in evidence. (For classical discussion on imprinting, see Hess, 1973; Lorenz, 1958, 1965; Tinbergen, 195 1, 1965; for current discussions, see Bolhuis & Horn, 1992; Bornstein, 1989; Bower, 1993; Cook, 1993; Leland, 1994; for specific discussions on human mating strategies, see Freedman & Gorman, 1993; Rossi & Rossi, 1990.) Once a child is enveloped in the cultural matrix, wherein each major institution reinforces every other major institution, the mind-set of the child is crystallized. As the child grows to maturity, cultural givens are not questioned, they simply “are” and are about as visible as the wind. The child, grown to adulthood and parenthood, will pass on his learned givens to the next generation. The culture of a child is presented to that child in ways and by means a child can understand. For example, were the young Western child to ask, “Why is the sky blue?’ or “Why cannot a brother marry his sister?’ or “Why is dishonesty not the best policy?’ the most effective answers adults can give are “because it is, because he can’t, because it isn’t. . . now go outside and play.” Complex feedback loops of economic-political-social-psychological forces are well beyond the ken of all children to understand and most adults to convey. However, Rabbi Moses Maimonides (cited in Ritter, 1992), who was also a physician of note, clearly articulated our thesis in the 13th century, when he wrote about the Jewish version of circumcision:
“The bodily injury caused to that organ is exactly that which is desired; it does not interrupt any vital function, nor does it destroy the power of generation. Circumcision simply counteracts excessive lust; for there is no doubt that circumcision weakens the power of sexual excitement.”
What is understood by young children is the concept of authority (Piaget, 1954, 1977). Children universally obey parents and elders. Once so inculcated, children are then predisposed to obey the supernatural, deceased ancestors, and omnipotent deities. If the unseen, powerful forces mandate circumcision, then circumcision it will be. Again, if all sons by all parents are affected, then the cultural rule will have less difficulty getting started and less difficulty in being maintained. There is no exception toward which parents can maneuver. If someone is a member of our group and is a young male, then ipso facto, that boy will be circumcised. …
The superficiality of his analysis of the impact on the pair bond should an embarrassment. What in the world does he think sexual pleasure is for? Oxytocin (the bonding and fidelity hormone) release is strongly correlated with physiological measures of orgasmic intensity (see #1 below), which strongly implies that circumcision degrades the parental bond and increases the likelihood of divorce through its effects on both the primary victim and his lover (see #2 below). The shrink’s abusive and dismissive approach to children and his authoritarian compulsions betray his own neuro-emotional impairment. He’s a deformed fish swimming in toxic waste presuming to lead the rest of the “school” toward his idea of perfection. Children need protection from such people.
Unfortunately such militant ignorance is common in the psychological “sciences,” which often function as little more than a rationalizing framework for the neuroses of its “experts.” Parents beware.
#1) Relationships among cardiovascular, muscular, and oxytocin responses during human sexual activity
To determine the psychophysiological correlates of hormonal response during sexual activity, systolic blood pressure (SBP), anal electromyography (EMG), and anal photoplethysmography (APG) were monitored continuously throughout testing in 13 women and 10 men. Each subject completed two or more tests of self-stimulation to 5 min beyond orgasm. Blood samples were obtained continuously for measurement of oxytocin (OT) levels. In both men and women, very high positive correlations were observed between the percentage change in levels from baseline through orgasm of: OT and SBP; OT and EMG intensity prior to and during orgasm; APG and EMG. The number of anal contractions and duration of orgasm were also highly correlated. Two patterns of orgasm were defined by the presence or absence of a quiescent period between orgasmic contractions. EMG and APG amplitudes correlated with the pattern of orgasm. Subjective orgasm intensity correlated significantly with increased levels of OT in multiorgasmic women only. The positive correlations between measures are consistent with a possible functional role for OT in human sexual response.
Archives of Sexual Behavior, , Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 59-79
#2) The effect of male circumcision on the sexual enjoyment of the female partner
BJU INTERNATIONAL, Volume 83, Supplement 1, Pages 79-84, January 1, 1999.