Janel, introducing today’s guest, Dr. David Chamberlain:
is a Psychologist, teacher, and pioneer in the new field of Prenatal Psychology. He is the author, “The Mind of Your Newborn Baby” published in 1988 as “Babies Remember Birth” and it has been translated in 22 languages. Dr. Chamberlain is the co-founder of the Association for Pre and Perinatal Psychology and Health, an organization of professionals from diverse disciplines, psychology, obstetrics and , nursing, trauma healing, and child birth education, from all over the world.
Dr. Chamberlain is internationally known for his work and is a frequent speaker at international conferences. He is currently finishing his second book, “Windows on the womb: Your first nine months” and he is preparing for a three week tour in September of countries in Europe where he will be sharing key ideas from this new book. Dr. Chamberlain has been a key person in my professional development working with babies and I am very happy and we are so grateful, David, that you could take time today to be with us …..
(LINK TO PODCAST .. coming)
LINKS TO DR. CHAMBERLAIN’S WORK:
Association for Pre and Perinatal Psychology and Health
Birth and Early Parenting Educators in Nevada City, CA
RECENT RESEARCH THAT RICH SHARES:
Forget Survival of the Fittest: It Is Kindness That Counts
A psychologist probes how altruism, Darwinism and neurobiology mean
that we can succeed by not being cutthroat.
(…) DISALVO: Your team at U.C. Berkley has done a lot of interesting research on the vagus nerve and its association with maltruistic feelings. Tell us a bit about this research and its
implications for better understanding the nature of altruism.
KELTNER: The vagus nerve is part of the parasympathetic. It is a bundle of nerves that originates in the top of the spinal cord, it activates different organs throughout the body (heart, lungs, liver, digestive organs). When active, it is likely to produce that feeling of warm expansion in the chest, for example when we are moved by someone’s goodness or when we appreciate a beautiful piece of music.
University of Illinois, Chicago, psychiatrist Steve Porges long ago argued that the vagus nerve is a care-taking organ in the body (of course, it serves many other functions as well). Several reasons justify this claim. The vagus nerve is thought to stimulate certain muscles in the vocal chamber, enabling communication. It reduces heart rate. Very new science suggests that it may be closely connected to oxytocin receptor networks. And it is unique to mammals.
Our research and that of other scientists suggests that the vagus nerve may be a physiological system that supports caretaking and altruism. We have found that activation of the vagus nerve is associated with feelings of compassion and the ethical intuition that humans from different social groups (even adversarial ones) share a common humanity. People who have high vagus nerve activation in a resting state, we have found, are prone to feeling emotions that promote altruism-compassion, gratitude, love, happiness.
Arizona State University psychologist Nancy Eisenberg has found that children with elevated(high baseline vagus nerve activity) are more cooperative and likely to give. This area of study is the beginning of a fascinating new argument about altruism-that a branch of our nervous system evolved to support such behavior.
Dacher Keltner’s UC Berkeley Courses
Psych 156: Human Emotion
Psych 160: Social Psychology
Clinical Studies have demonstrated that the cries of chronically stressed infants, medical compromised infants are characteristically higher and more variable in pitch than those of healthy infants. Other studies have indicated that the vagal tone of chronically stressed infants is significantly reduced in comparison to that of normal infants. A neural model of cry production has been proposed which suggests that decreased vagal tone among infants at risk may, in fact, be related to these increases in cry pitch. Using routine, unanesthetized circumcision as a model of stress we were able to examine the relationship between cry acoustics and vagal tone in
normal, healthy newborns undergoing an acutely stressful event.
Vocalizations, heart, and respiratory waveforms were continuously recorded from 49 (32 experimental; 17 control) 1-2 day-old, full-term infants during preoperative, surgical, and postoperative periods.
Vagal tone, as measured by the amplitude of respiratory sinus arrhythmia extracted from heart rate data, was significantly reduced during the severe stress of circumcision, and these reductions were paralleled by significant increases in the pitch of the infants’ cries. In addition, individual differences in vagal tone measured prior to circumcision surgery were predictive of physiological and acoustic reactivity to subsequent stress. These results emphasize the potential role of vagal control of the autonomic nervous system during stress.
Newborn Pain Cries and Vagal Tone: Parallel Changes in Response to Circumcision